The Great Trail, New Brunswick
The section of the Great Trail Through New Brunswick is a mix of rail trail and secondary roads. Riding along the roads you might see one vehicle an hour, so very peaceful and green. They yards and cemeteries were very well tended through the gentle rolling hills. At times the trail is soft, so a slower ride, but you can make up some time on the paved secondary roads.
The original habitants of the land were the Mi’kmaq, the Maliseet and the Passamaquoddy peoples. There is some welcoming centres with information on the indigenous peoples, but not a lot along the trail.
Being relatively close to Europe, New Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled, starting with the French in the early 1600s, who eventually colonized most of the Maritimes and some of Maine as the colony of Acadia. The area was caught up in the global conflict between the British and French empires, and in 1755 became part of Nova Scotia, to be partitioned off in 1784 following an influx of refugees from the American Revolution.
In 1785, St John became the first incorporated city in Canada. The same year, the University of New Brunswick became one of the first universities in North America. The province prospered in the early 1800s due to logging, shipbuilding, and related activities. The population grew rapidly in part due to waves of Irish immigration to Saint John and Miramichi regions, reaching about a quarter of a million by mid-century. In 1867 New Brunswick was one of four founding provinces of Canada, along with Nova Scotia, Quebec and Ontario.